Topological magnetic area textures | Nature Nanotechnology


Standard thin-film know-how on glass or silicon wafers can create flat one-dimensional (1D) and 2D magnetic purposeful parts. This know-how has led to quite a few basic discoveries in addition to to industrial functions, that are broadly unfold in buyer merchandise comparable to magnetic arduous disk drives, magnetic random entry reminiscence, or digital compasses in smartphones. Stimulated by the semiconductor business and their complicated 3D structure of transistors, there’s a pattern in know-how to transition from classical 2D to extra complicated 3D layouts with anticipated advantages in packing density, power effectivity and velocity. Within the case of magnetism, tailoring the geometrical curvature of skinny movies or nanowires emerged as a brand new imply to tune anisotropic and chiral responses of 3D formed purposeful parts with out the necessity to modify the fabric’s intrinsic magnetic properties. For example, nanohelices produced from non-chiral isotropic ferromagnets, like permalloy, reply to exterior stimulation in the identical method as straight nanowires from an anisotropic ferromagnet with Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interplay would1. Therefore, the geometric method is complementary to the standard materials screening, which goals at outlined responses of a cloth, as required for a particular software. Till just lately, the first focus in 3D and curvilinear magnetism analysis lay on the influence of the geometrical curvature on magnetization textures in curved nanowires and skinny movies.


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