Electrochemical investigation of free-standing decreased graphene oxide hydrogel: Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures: Vol 0, No 0
Free-standing decreased graphene oxide (RGO) hydrogel was synthesized by way of two-stepped hydrothermal discount therapy of aqueous graphene oxide (GO) suspension. GO with excessive interface affinity for overlapping of cross-linking graphene sheets contributes to forming steady-state RGO hydrogel. RGO hydrogel reveals greater B band/G band depth ratio than GO suspension in Raman spectrum evaluation, indicating well-restored hexagonal carbon rings with the improved crystal construction. Free-standing RGO hydrogel might be instantly acted as supercapacitor electrode with out utilizing any substrate materials. The particular capacitance decreases from 253.9 to 92.3 F g−1 in 1.0 M Na2SO4 electrolyte and from 275.3 to 125.9 F g−1 in 1.0 M KOH electrolyte when the present density elevated from 0.3 to 4.0 A g−1, presenting the capability retention of 36.4% and 45.7% respectively. Free-standing RGO hydrogel presents particular capacitance in alkaline KOH electrolyte quite than impartial Na2SO4 electrolyte. KOH electrolyte with superior ionic diffusion coefficient of hydroxyl ion results in greater present response and electrical double-layer capacitance efficiency. The capacitance retention ratio of 97.8% at 4.0 A g−1 in 1.0 M KOH electrolyte after 1000 charge-discharge cycles presents superior biking stability. Accordingly, free-standing RGO hydrogel utilized effectively as superior supercapacitor electrode presents the promising vitality storage utility.